Alsike Clover - Alsike Clover is a perennial but is usually treated agriculturally as a biennial. It grows well on heavy, poorly drained soils and will grow on soils with pH levels too low to support satisfactory growth of red clover, but produces better when soil pH levels are 6.0 or higher. It is extremely sensitive to heat and drought. Alsike usually produces only one hay cutting each year. Harvesting at full bloom is usually recommended although the stage is difficult to determine because of continuous blooming pattern. Alsike clover is almost never grown in pure strands. In mixtures, the harvest should be timed to make maximum feed for the total mixture. Because of its natural adaptation to wet soils, Alsike is a valuable plant to include in mixtures for hay or pasture on fields having "seep" or wet spots which have not been drained. It is also a useful species for bottomland fields where alfalfa and/or red clover cannot be successfully grown. SEEDING RATE - 8 pounds per acre
Crimson Clover - is an upright, hairy, winter annual legume which grows to a height of 1 to 3 feet. In general, the stems and leaves resemble those of red clover. These brilliant, crimson colored florets -- for which this legume is named--open in succession from the bottom to the top of the flowering head. The seed forms and the plant dies during the summer. Crimson Clover, a native of Europe, is widely grown in France, Hungary, and other southern and central European countries It was introduced into the United States in 1819, but did not become important until nearly 60 years later. This legume will grow on almost all fertile, well drained soils, ranging from sands to heavy clays and varying in acidity and alkalinity. It prefers cool, humid weather and requires 35 inches or more of rainfall.
Medium Red Clover - Medium Red Clover is the most widely grown of the true clovers. It is a short-lived perennial legume native to the countries that border the Mediterranean and Red Seas. Medium Red Clover is used for short rotation hay fields and include into pasture mixes with orchardgrass & timothy or tall fescue. Medium Red Clover is a perennial which acts as a biennial under usual farm conditions. The clover root border and crown and root rots kill many plants after the second cutting of the first hay year. If red clover is left over the second winter, winter injury, combined with diseases and clover root borer, further deplete the stand. Red Clover normally produces two cuttings during the hay year. Red Clover grows on soils with pH values below those necessary for satisfactory production of alfalfa and sweet clover. It is easier to establish in wheat or other winter grains than alfalfa. Red Clover may be seeded in oats. It is not as well adapted to summer seeding as is alfalfa; however, early August seedings frequently are successful. It is often noted that when red clover blooms during the fall of the seeding year, many plants die during the winter. Blooming causes a physiological change in a red clover plant which makes it less winter hardy. In addition, excess summer and fall growth which is not removed from the field, will lodge and create conditions favorable for the development of crown and root rots. These diseases can damage new seedings. The general rule-of-thumb is that new seedings of red clover which have reached a height of 8 to 10 inches by mid-August should be harvested no later than September 1, regardless of the presence or absence of bloom. SEEDING RATE- 8 lbs. /Acre
Kenland Clover Cert. -Resistant to Southern anthracnose
Ladino- Ladino is large type of white clover. Ladino white clover is frequently included in pasture seeding mixtures. It is shallow-rooted and makes most growth during periods of high rainfall or on poorly drained soils. Ladino stems lie on the surface of the soil; under favorable conditions, roots may form at each node. A ladino stem may grow 2 to 4 feet in length during a single season. Thus, ladino has the ability to spread rapidly,and under favorable conditions, stands thicken quickly. Ladino white clover is most useful as a pasture legume. It is difficult to cure as hay. SEEDING RATE- Ladino white clover is an extremely small seed. Seed in mixtures at 1/2 - 1 pound/acre. Seeding may be in early spring through early May and in August and September.
White Clover - White clover is a perennial with a prostrate habit of growth. The stems root at the nodes and thin stands quickly thicken under favorable conditions. White clover is shallow rooted and makes little growth during dry weather. White clover is a native of Europe; it was probably brought to North America by early white settlers. Its spread across the United States was phenomenal. Among the factors which probably contributed to its spread are: small seed, hard seed coat which permits seed to remain viable in the soil for long periods of time, the long period of flowering, and high palatability. Good stands of white clover appear without seeding in almost any field when conditions favorable to its growth prevail. Such conditions include soil p.h. of 5.5 or higher, moderate levels of phosphorus and potassium, adequate moisture, and close grazing or frequent clipping.
Sweet clover - Sweet clover is most useful as a green manure crop seeded in small grains. Sweet clover is usually seeded during the early spring months; seedings are made into winter grains or at the time of seeding spring-sown small grains. The seeding-year growth of biennial sweet clover consists of a single stem with numerous branches. Biennial sweet clover does not bloom during the seeding year. Sweet clovers are extremely sensitive to soil reaction; for satisfactory growth, the pH of the surface soil must be 6.5 or higher. With a suitable soil pH, sweet clovers will stand drought about as well as alfalfa and shade nearly as well as red clover. They will make satisfactory summer growth on wet soils but are likely to heave during winter. Caution must be taken when using sweet clover as a livestock feed. Sweet clover leaves contain a high content of coumarin which gives the forage it characteristic odor and taste. Livestock generally take some time to get accustomed to the taste. When sweet clover hay or silage heats and/or molds due to improper curing or storage,a toxic substance, dicoumarol, is formed. Dicoumarol reduces the clotting power of the blood and animals eating spoiled sweet clover hay or silage may bleed to death from slight wounds or internal hemorrhages. Yellow Sweet clover and White Sweet clover are the important strands of sweet clover. Only biennial yellow sweet clover is important in the U.S. Both annual and biennial white sweet clover are grown, the biennial is the more important type.
Yellow Sweet clover - is earlier maturing than white, put a higher proportion of the total first years growth into the roots than does white. Yellow sweet clover has much greater ability to establish itself in dry season or on dry seedbeds.
White Sweet clover - is later maturing than yellow, higher yielding, and thick stemmed.
Huban - annual white sweet clover produces more top growth during the seeding year, but produces less root growth. Can be fall plowed with little hazard of volunteer spring growth.
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