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High Quality Field Grasses

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Lewis Pasture Mix -   34.50 %   Kentucky 31Tall Fescue - 24.25 % Potomac Orchard Grass-  15.75 % Perennial Ryegrass  - 10.50% Climax Timothy    -   7.25% Medium Red Clover     50# Bag covers 2 Acres
 

Hermitage Mixture (Horse Pasture Mix) -   Kentucky Bluegrass 29.50 %     -   Fawn Low Endo Fescue 24.50%       Potomac  Orchardgrass 16.00% - Climax Timothy 9.75%  - Linn Perennial Ryegrass 7.00%  Kenland Clover 3.95% Ladino Clover  3.30%        50# Bag covers 2 Acres

Tall Fescue, KY-31 - was established from original plants found in Kentucky.  Originally introduced from Europe, it adapted itself to soil conditions of the Kentucky region, and has since gained importance because of its ability to adapt to a wide variety of other types of soils, including poorly drained areas.  KY-31 is a cool season, aggressive, perennial bunchgrass which grows to a height of  three to four feet.  This plant has short creeping rootstocks which develop into a uniform, thick sod.  It is robust, rather coarse and long-lived.   KY-31 has dark green leaves with a spreading seed head.  Tall Fescue is widely adapted to sub humid climatic conditions and t irrigated areas.  It has however, a fibrous root system that reaches a depth of five feet which makes good use of sub-soil moisture.  Tall Fescue adapts well to poorly drained soils that are either acid or alkaline.  It produces more on sandstone-shale based soils than other cool season grasses.  Tall Fescue is one of the more drought resistant plant s of the cool season group, and will maintain itself under rather limited fertility.  KY-31 requires a moist, weed-free, firm seedbed.  Fescue grown along with legumes can minimize the problems sometimes associated with pure fescue stands.  To get the best results from fescue, it should be clipped after seed harvest is complete.  Fescue will withstand closer grazing and more abuse than most cool-season grasses, but it can be overgrazed to the point that vigor and production of the next season is reduced.  Use of rotation grazing has proven successful, by allowing the plants a period of regrowth after heavy grazing.

RED RIVER CRABGRASS

PLANTING DATES - APRIL TO JUNE; SEEDING RATES - 2 TO 3 PLS pounds / ACRE;PLANTING DEPTH-SURFACE TO NO MORE THAN 1/2 INCH.

Red River crabgrass (Digitaria ciliais) is a reseeding, warm season, annual grass, released by the SAMUEL ROBERTS NOBEL FONDATION, of Ardmore, Oklahoma.It is the first known proven crabgrass variety, and for the first time, it provides a crabgrass forage of known type and potential. It was a single plant selection in a naturalized stand.
Red River crabgrass combines the characteristics of early forage development, total forage production, erect growth habit, stononiferous spreading, and forage quality. Red River crabgrass has produced over 12 times the yield of some lower producing ecotypes. It can readily be managed as an annually planted single or double-crop forage, or as a planned volunteer in many single or double-crop forage regiems. It mixes very well with legumes and summer grasses.
Crabgrass palatability is exceptionally high, and Red River crabgrass has been consistently higher in chemical analysis quality, compared to bermudagrasses and sudangrass type forages. It lends itself to forage production, where quaality, palatability, natural reseeding, and double-cropping, are major needed charateristics.
Crabgrass is best planted on a well prepared, firm, seed bed, from April to June. However, it can be overseeded into small grains (i.e. wheat, rye, etc.) , or other cool season annuals, from February to May, as a dormant seeding. Planting depth should be from surface, to no more than 1/2" deep. Plant shallow on a firm seed bed for best results. Planting rates of 2 to 3 Pure Live Seed Pounds per acre is generally recommended.

Ryegrass (Annual Italian Ryegrass)  - Annual Ryegrass is a bunchgrass which grows 2 to 3 feet tall.  The seed have awns.   Annual Ryegrass is used as a winter cover crop, silage, haylage, hay, and for temporary summer cover and erosion control.  Ryegrass has a remarkable ability to establish under dry and otherwise unfavorable conditions  such as in standing corn and t make a heavy sod in a short time after seeding.  Ryegrass, which goes into the winter with considerable growth, is frequently killed by leaf disease during the winter and/or early spring.  When included in seeding mixtures with other forage or turf species, ryegrass germinates and establishes quickly, giving rapid cover; however, this ready establishment  and rapid growth frequently slows or prevents the establishment of more desirable, permanent species.  Ryegrass will start by seeding during early spring or late summer.  Late fall seedings are usually successful,  but severe heaving may cause serious stand losses. SEEDING RATE - Seed at 20 pounds/ acre

Wintermore Annual Forage Ryegrass

  • superior cold tolerance
  • High forage yield
  • Consistent forage yield throughout the season
  • Improved disease resistance
  • Excellent plant ability

WINTERMORE Annual Ryegrass Brand is a blend of two elite, proprietary annual ryegrass varieties. WINTERMORE was designed to deliver outstanding yields and hold up to the cold temperatures that can hinder fall establishment and winter survival in the transition zone and further north. WINTERMORE combines the superior cold tolerance and excellent disease resistance of Winterhawk with the consistent high yields of DH-3. WINTERMORE annual ryegrass also offers quick establishment, excellent palatability and good transition back to permanent grasses. If you are looking for an annual ryegrass that will deliver consistent high yields superior cold tolerance and excellent disease resistance, then WINTERMORE is your brand

Ryegrass (Perennial English Ryegrass) - Perennial ryegrass is somewhat shorter and more coarse than annual ryegrass.  The seed are awnless.

   Varieties - Linn is an improved variety of perennial ryegrass.

   Several turf type ryegrasses that are finer textured and darker in color have been developed.  These are decumbent, provide a dense turf and are more compatible with Kentucky bluegrassThey also have increased tolerance to snowmold and resistance to striped smut and rust.

Orchardgrass - Orchardgrass is a tall-growing, high yielding perennial bunchgrass.  It makes more summer growth than the other cool-season grasses.  Orghardgrass is an excellent pasture grass because of its persistent summer growth.  It is presently being used in many summer pastures.   Orchardgrass also persists well with alfalfa, better than other grasses under an intensive system of cutting.  It is especially compatible in combination with the "Flemish" type alfalfas for hay production.  Orchardgrass is easily established during the spring and August seeding periods.  Seedings made in the fall   at the time sowing winter grains are seldom successful.  Orchardgrass is an early maturing grass.  It becomes more coarse and unpalatable at maturity, thus proper timing of harvest is of great importance in  in orchardgrass management.   Orchardgrass should be harvested  as seed heads begin to  emerge in boot state in order to harvest a quality, digestible product.  HARVEST - varieties which are later maturing, leafier and finer stemmed than the "common type" orchardgrass have been developed in recent years.  These later maturing varieties of orchardgrass are compatible with the "Flemish" type alfalfas  and are recommended for the production of quality forage. 

    Commom (not a variety) matures early and decreases rapidly in quality with maturity.

    Potomac matures at essentially the same time as common; however, it is more leafy and fine stemmed than common..

   Seeding Rate - for hay - 2 pounds / acre where legume dominance desired
                              4 pound/acre where at least half grass is desired
                                 for pasture - 6 to 8 pounds/ acre

Timothy - (Herd's Grass) Timothy  is a cool season, shallow rooted, erect, leafy bunchgrass.  Individual timothy plants are biennial, however, stands of timothy are maintained perennially by vegetative reproduction from the corms.  Due to its adaptation to cool, moist climates and  shallow rot system, timothy makes little summer growth following the first cutting.  Timothy is commonly used in a haymixture with red clover.  The maturity of red clover and timothy are similar.  Timothy may be used with the later maturing varieties (Vernal types) of alfalfa.  This usually results in an alfalfa dominant forage.   Timothy is not well suited as a pasture grass, due to its reduced summer growth and lack of vigor.  HARVEST  - Suggested harvest would be Boot State, for best quality.  Timothy is easily established in winter grains.  Satisfactory stands are less certain from spring seedings.  Timothy may be august seeded.

SEEDING RATE -   In winter grain - 1 to 2 pounds/acre
                                   During August - 2 pounds/acre

                                   During Spring - 4 pounds/acre

VARIETIES       

    Variential difference in timothy are primarily date of maturity differences.  Varying maturity dates providing a spread to optimum date of harvest.  The following is a listing by maturity.

    Clair - very early- relatively coarse
    Summit- early- fine stemmed- leafy
    Common- not a variety
    Climax - 7 days later than common in maturity - leafy, fine stemmed.

Sunnit Timothy - Featuring a maturity date that closely coincides with legumes, Toro allows producers to harvest mixed seedings at peak nutritional value.  This extra-leafy, fine-stemmed variety is ideal for pasture or hay and offers good leaf-disease resistance.  Well suited for both northern and southern climates, Toro is a fast growing variety that adds important nutritional value to your livestock rations                                                   

Summer Annuals

German Foxtail Millet - is an annual warm-season grass which grows from 2 to 5 feet tall under cultivation.  Foxtail millet was cultivated in China as early as 2700 B.C. and later introduced into Europe.  Seed has been found in early remains such as those of the Swiss lake dwellings of the stone age.   Introduced into the United States in 1849, it is grown throughout the Great Plains region.  It can be grown in almost any area that has warm weather during the growing season and sufficient rain for any other crop.  A number of varieties are recognized, the better known being German, Hungarian, Common, Siberian, and Kursk.  Used as pasture, hay, and silage, this grass has largely been replaced by by sudan grass which is superior in quality and quantity of forage.  Millet has a useful place in the cropping system to supply extra feed when pastures fail or the hay crop is short.

Sorghum Sudangrass - Sorghum is a coarse, annual grass.   The stems are solid and grow in height from 2 to 15 feet.  Leaves are alternate; a single leaf originates at each node.  Internode determines the height of the plant.  Sudangrass and Sorghum - sudangrass crosses are the most important of this group for forage purposes.  They are generally used as an emergency crop, being used as pasture, silage, greenchop and sometimes hay.  Their ability to produce during mid-summer when many permanent pastures are not productive,  is their greatest attribute.  Sorghum and sorghum-sudangrass crosses should be planted after soil is warm, second week after corn, until mid July.  SEEDING RATE - Sudangrass - 30-50 pounds per acre

                                   Sorghum - Sudangrass Crosses - 35-40 pounds per acre

Hybrid Pearl Millet - Mil-Hy Hybrid Pearl Millet with forage characteristics that give the plant hybrid vigor for more faster production.   It is a tall growing (8 to 10 feet), warm season annual grass.  The stems grow in thick clumps with abundant leaves 1 1/2  to 2 inches wide, growing two to three feet long.  As in any crop, rich soils produce best, however, Mil-Hy has the ability to produce in low fertility, sandy soils or heavy eroded soils especially if fertilized initially, and top dressed with nitrogen after each cutting for hay, or heavy grazing.   Mil-Hy, under favorable conditions, can be cut several times in a season, producing enormous amounts of fodder.  Mil-Hy is resistant to Iron Chlorosis (yellowing out), and has good drought tolerance yet responds well to moisture.  Mil-Hy is immune to most leaf diseases that affect Sorghum-Sudan type forage crops.  Best grazing is provided before seed-heads develop.  If grown for hay, it should be cut just as a few heads appear.  Crimping while cutting will speed up curing.  For best grazing it is recommended that pasture rotation be used.  Mil-Hy will be ready to graze in 4 to 6 weeks.  After grazing, cut the stalks back about 6 inches to allow uniform regrowth.  (If cut for hay, leave 6 inch stubble.)  Allow  the plants to reach 18 to 24 inches before regrazing.  Mil-Hy should be planted whenever soil temperatures and no fear of frost are favorable.  Mil-Hy can be planted anytime during the warm season if sufficient moisture is present.  A recommended seeding rate is 15 to 25 pounds broadcast.  It is highly photosensitive and grows faster during long daylight days.

Clover  

             Alsike Clover - Alsike Clover is a perennial but is usually treated agriculturally as a biennial.  It grows well on heavy, poorly drained soils and will grow on soils with pH levels too low to support satisfactory growth of red clover, but produces better when soil pH levels are 6.0 or higher.  It is extremely sensitive to heat and drought.  Alsike usually produces only one hay cutting each year.  Harvesting at full bloom is usually recommended although the stage is difficult to determine because of continuous blooming pattern.  Alsike clover is almost never grown in pure strands.  In mixtures, the harvest should be timed  to make maximum feed for the total mixture.  Because of its natural adaptation to wet soils, Alsike is a valuable plant to include in mixtures for hay or pasture on fields having "seep" or wet spots which have not been drained.   It is also a useful species for bottomland fields where alfalfa and/or red clover cannot be successfully grown.  SEEDING RATE   - 8 pounds per acre 

 

Crimson Clover - is an upright, hairy, winter annual legume which grows to a height of 1 to 3 feet.  In general, the stems and leaves resemble those of red clover.  These brilliant, crimson colored florets -- for which this legume is named--open in succession from the bottom to the top of the flowering head.   The seed forms and the plant dies during the summer.  Crimson Clover, a native of Europe, is widely grown in France, Hungary, and other southern and central European countries  It was introduced into the United States in 1819, but did not become important until nearly 60 years later.  This legume will grow on almost all fertile, well drained soils, ranging from sands to heavy clays and varying in acidity and alkalinity.  It prefers cool, humid weather and requires 35 inches or more of rainfall.

Medium Red Clover - Medium Red Clover is the most widely grown of the true clovers.  It is a short-lived perennial legume native to the countries that border the Mediterranean and Red Seas.  Medium Red Clover is used for short rotation hay fields and include into pasture mixes with orchardgrass & timothy or tall fescue.  Medium Red Clover is a perennial which acts as a biennial under usual farm conditions.  The clover root border and crown and root rots kill many plants after the second cutting of the first hay year.  If red clover is left over the second winter, winter injury, combined with diseases and clover root borer, further deplete the stand.  Red Clover normally produces two cuttings during the hay year.   Red Clover grows on soils with pH values below those necessary for satisfactory production of alfalfa and sweet clover.  It is easier to establish in wheat or other winter grains than alfalfa.  Red Clover may be seeded in oats.  It is not as well adapted to summer seeding as is alfalfa; however, early August seedings frequently are successful.  It is often noted that when red clover blooms during the fall of the seeding year, many plants die during the winter.  Blooming causes a physiological change in a  red clover plant which makes it less winter hardy.  In addition, excess summer and fall growth which is not removed from the field, will lodge and create conditions favorable for the development of crown and root rots.  These diseases can damage new seedings.  The general rule-of-thumb is that new seedings of red clover which have reached a height of 8 to 10 inches by mid-August should be harvested no later than September 1, regardless of the presence or absence of bloom.  SEEDING RATE- 8 lbs. /Acre          

Kenland Clover Cert. -Resistant to Southern anthracnose

Ladino- Ladino is  large type of white clover.   Ladino white clover is frequently included in pasture seeding mixtures.  It is shallow-rooted and makes most growth during periods of high rainfall or on poorly drained soils.  Ladino stems lie on the surface of the soil; under favorable conditions, roots may form at each node. A ladino stem may grow 2 to 4 feet in length during a single season.  Thus, ladino has the ability to spread rapidly,and under favorable conditions, stands thicken quickly.  Ladino white clover is most useful as a pasture legume.  It is difficult to cure as hay.   SEEDING RATE- Ladino white clover is an extremely small seed.  Seed in mixtures at 1/2 - 1 pound/acre.   Seeding may be in early spring through early May and in August and September.

 

White Clover - White clover is a perennial with a prostrate habit of growth.  The stems root at the nodes and thin stands quickly thicken under favorable conditions.  White clover is shallow rooted and makes little growth during dry weather.  White clover is a native of Europe;  it was probably brought to North America by early white settlers.  Its spread across the United States was phenomenal.  Among the factors which probably contributed to its spread are: small seed, hard seed coat which permits seed to remain viable in the soil for long periods of time, the long period of flowering, and high palatability. Good stands of white clover appear without seeding in almost any field when conditions favorable to its growth prevail.  Such conditions include soil p.h. of 5.5 or higher, moderate levels of phosphorus and potassium, adequate moisture, and close grazing or frequent clipping.

 

Sweet clover - Sweet clover is most useful as a green manure crop seeded in small grains.  Sweet clover is usually seeded during the early spring months; seedings are made into winter grains or at the  time of seeding spring-sown small grains.  The seeding-year growth of biennial sweet clover consists of a single stem with numerous branches.  Biennial sweet clover does not bloom during the seeding year.  Sweet clovers are extremely sensitive to soil reaction; for satisfactory growth, the pH of the surface soil must be 6.5 or higher.  With a suitable soil pH, sweet clovers will stand drought about as well as alfalfa and shade nearly as well as red clover.  They will make satisfactory summer growth on wet soils but are likely to heave during winter.  Caution must be taken when using sweet clover as a livestock feed.  Sweet clover leaves contain a high content of coumarin which gives the forage it characteristic odor and taste.  Livestock generally take some time to get accustomed to the taste.  When sweet clover hay or silage heats and/or molds due to improper curing or storage,a  toxic substance, dicoumarol, is formed.   Dicoumarol reduces the clotting power of the blood and animals eating spoiled sweet clover hay or silage may bleed to death from slight wounds or internal hemorrhages. Yellow Sweet   clover and White Sweet clover are the important strands of sweet clover.    Only biennial yellow sweet clover is important in the U.S.  Both annual and biennial white sweet clover are grown, the biennial is the more important type.

Yellow Sweet clover - is earlier maturing than white, put a higher proportion of the total first years growth into the roots than does white.   Yellow sweet clover has much greater ability to establish itself in dry season or on dry seedbeds.

White Sweet clover - is later maturing than yellow, higher yielding, and thick stemmed.

Huban - annual white sweet clover produces more top growth during the seeding year, but produces less root growth.  Can be fall plowed with little hazard of volunteer spring growth.

 

 

 

 

 

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